At the Sports and Performing Arts Injury Clinic we incorporate dynamic myofascial and trigger point release techniques into many of our treatments but can be used in it’s own right to produce a relaxing and effective massage treatment.
Fascia is a layer of fibrous connective tissue surrounding muscles, groups of muscles, blood vessels, and nerves, binding some structures together, while permitting others to slide smoothly over each other.
Fascia is classified into two distinct groups according to their structural layers, anatomical locate and function.
- superficial fascia, deep (or muscle) fascia
- visceral (or parietal) fascia.
This tissue is made of closely packed bundles of collagen fibres oriented in a wavy pattern parallel to the direction of pull. These are similar to the fibres that make up tendons and ligaments.
Although fascia is flexible, it is able to resist a great deal of tension as the wavy fibres extend until taught.
Recent research suggest that fascia may also be able to contract independently, may have an ability similar to muscle memory and might have some degree of influence over muscle dynamics.
Postural positions, injury and surgery can contort the fascia resulting in reduced elasticity, fibrous adhesions and physical restrictions between moving structures.
Trigger points are tender areas in muscle and fascia which trigger pain and discomfort and can be even more tender when pressed or rubbed.
Pain can also be felt near or further away from the trigger point (referred pain).
A therapist will refer to trigger points as;
- Active – currently triggering pain locally and painful when pressed.
- Latent – Client is unaware of pain in the area unless the trigger point is pressed.
- Secondary or Satellite – Pain referred from one primary trigger point to another.
Myofascial release and trigger point treatment is a firm but gentle and relaxing technique and is especially suited to those who repeatedly sit or move in sustained, awkward or poor postures.